Mental health and well-being are an important concept in philosophy and have been approached by many different theorists. Utilitarians view mental health and well-being as an important part of achieving overall wellbeing for the greatest number of people. Stoics promote equanimity and peace of mind, while Aristotelians emphasize having balanced emotions. Existentialists argue for the importance of authenticity in mental health and well-being.
Indian Philosophy has several doctrines and theories. One of the six systems of Indian Philosophy is “Samkhya Darshan”. This darshan describes two independent realities-Prakriti and Purusa. Prakriti is material reality and purusa is inactive,body-less but co-exists with prakriti. In Samkhya darshan not only explain prakriti and purusa theories but also explain liberation should be achieved in right knowledge of reality. In this samkhya darshan illuminate about liberation of self.
Ludwing Wittgenstein, despite having a great inclination towards linguistic philosophy kept a great deal of empathy towards the importance of ancient thought and philosophers who consider it as a virtue and way of life. As he famously put it; ‘‘[W]hat is the use of studying philosophy if all that it does for you is to enable you to talk with some plausibility about some abstruse questions of logic, etc., & if it does not improve your thinking about the important questions of everyday life.’’[i]In other words, we must always show our deep sense of gratitude to ancient Greek philosophers and Indian saints and seers who gave us the big questions and philosophy in the form of a way of life to battle against any crisis. But the question is how far we preserved that legacy and moral standard? It is here we moderns have to show moral courage to respond to the ancient thinkers who have been asking the question symbolically and silently about what we have done with philosophy and how we used it to the development of world orders, facing any crisis (environmental, moral, personal and so on) and individual character and so on. The present paper is also an attempt to look back at the nature and legacy of philosophy which ancient philosophers and seers (Dārśanika) proposed for us to live a good life and maintain the holistic world order.
We, as human beings, generally think living peacefully and happily is the purpose of this life. Therefore, we always expect peace in all our actions. But from various bitter experiences such as educational insecurity, job insecurity, wars and future expectations and so on, peace in human life seems like a myth. The possibility of it seems impossible. However, some ancient theories, in particular, four ashrama dharmas and some modern thinkers in India tried to show peaceful living is not impossible. They thought it is possible by bringing order and harmony in our thought process and in our day to day practices. They tried to provide a path by which one can live peacefully. Also, they tried to show what kind of results one can get from a peaceful life. The main aim of this paper is to understand those principles and their significant role to bring peace and consequently the positive results of it in human life.
Pleasure is not a thing which we can get after the satisfaction of desire. Pleasure does not consist in the contentment of the needs. When the need increases pleasure moves away. Without bringing the pleasure into the life, the needs, the desires, the wanting, the longing etc. are the things which complicated and intricate our life. Epicurus said that the best means to becoming a happier person is to live simple life with simplicity, moderation, cheerfulness, temperance etc.